Phra Nakhon District










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Phra Nakhon District

Phra Nakhon (Thai: พระนคร; IPA: [pʰráʔ náʔkʰɔ̄ːn]) is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. It is the central district of Bangkok, including Rattanakosin Island. Neighboring districts are, from the north, clockwise: Dusit, Pom Prap Sattru Phai, Samphanthawong, and across the Chao Phraya River, Thonburi, Bangkok Yai, Bangkok Noi, and Bang Phlat.

Phra Nakhon was also the name of Bangkok Province, until it was merged in 1972 with Thonburi to form the present day Bangkok metropolis.










Location


The district is bounded by the Chao Phraya River to the west, Khlong Phadung Krung Kasem in the north, and Ratchadamnoen Road and Khlong Ong Ang to the east. The center of Bangkok, marked by the city pillar shrine (lak mueang), is in the district. Also surrounding the large open space of the Sanam Luang are the Grand Palace and Wat Phra Kaew, the National Museum in the former palace of the Vice King, and the main campus of Thammasat University as well as Silpakorn University.

Other significant landmarks in the district include Wat Pho, the Giant Swing, Wat Suthat, Wat Ratchanadda (with Loha Prasat), and the Democracy Monument. Also the well-known Khaosan Road is in the district. Another significant temple is Wat Bowonniwet, where several Thai kings were ordained as monks.

Of the original 14 forts protecting Bangkok only two survive. Fort Phra Sumen in the northern corner of the district, and Fort Mahakan in the east. Since 2000 a small park named Santichaiphrakarn around Fort Phra Sumen was built.





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Another landmark is Sala Chalermkrung Royal Theatre on Charoen Krung Road. It is Bangkok's oldest cinema and was the first air conditioned theater in Thailand. Built at the order of King Prajadhipok and named by him, it opened on 2 July 1933. It is the only theater from the first "golden age" of Thai cinema still standing. No longer regularly showing movies, the theater has been renovated and is principally used for Thai dance performances.[2] Another point of interest is the Pak Khlong Talat flower market. Tha Phrachan pier is a well-known Thai amulets market.

The area around Phahurat Road (พาหุรัด) can be considered Thailand's "Little India". The road was constructed during King Chulalongkorn's reign over a century ago and Indian community started to form after that. Siri Guru Singh Sabha, Thailand's first Sikh temple was built in 1933 near the road. The area is well known for Indian fabric shops and Indian cuisine.







History


Phra Nakhon was once an amphoe (district) named Chana Songkhram (อำเภอชนะสงคราม). The administration was overhauled on 15 October 1915 when 25 new amphoes were created for inner Bangkok. On 12 March 1928, six of these amphoes, Amphoe Phahurat, Amphoe Samran Rat, Amphoe Phra Ratchawang, Amphoe Chana Songkhram, Amphoe Sam Yot, and Amphoe Bang Khun Phrom were merged to form Amphoe Phra Nakhon. It became Khet Phra Nakhon in 1972.








Festivals


Songkran, the traditional Thai New Year festival, is celebrated throughout the country from 13–15 April of each year. Khaosan Road (or Khao Sarn Road) in Phra Nakhon District is one notable place to celebrate the event where lots of people, both locals and tourists, come and splash water.

During another famous festival, Loy Krathong, on the 15th day of the 12th lunar month, the Chao Phraya River bank in the district, with numerous piers and Phra Sumen Fort, is a popular place to float lanterns on the water.

Ratchadamnoen Avenue is often heavily decorated with lights around the king's birthday (28 July), the queen mother's birthday (12 August), National Day (5 December) and other major anniversaries. Sanam Luang and recently created Lan Plabpla Maha Chedsada Bodin (ลานพลับพลามหาเจษฎาบดินทร์) in front of Wat Ratchanadda and its Loha Prasat are open spaces that frequently used to celebrate events.




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ZoneSummaryFamily IconsShoppingNightlife
PhayaThai / Ratchathewi N 2kms of Siam, Suburbia & Highest rooftop view 84 flr Medium Medium: backstage of the city price lower Medium 
Sukhumvit E 3km of Siam, "Farangville" Hotels, Bars, Nightlife Medium: retail High: brand labels  High: Westernised 
Rattanakosin W 4.5 km of Siam. Historical area, home Grand Palace High: historical Low: mainly markets Low: nearby crazy Khaosan 
Talad Noi WS 3.5km from Siam - > Heritage zone Chinatown, walking tours chill zone High: quiet friendly  Low : cultural not tourism Nil: quiet not far to buzz places 
Siam Centre centre of town - retail High: retail  High: mainly brand label Medium: 5 star venues 
H: Tourism Bangkok Index all all all 
H: Attractions Bangkok Index all all all 
Chinatown W 3km of Siam, Chinese infusion; a trading post, chaotic & markets High: historical Medium: mainly makets Low: River Icons or nearby crazy Khaoson 
Thonburi SW 5.3km of Siam, old capital mostly undeveloped High:  Low: mainly water markets (Talad Nam) Low 
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Hotels by Agoda zonesDistance from BTS SiamGeneral IntroAttractions
Dusit Thani NW 3.5km: Grand Avenues of Royalty, what Bangkok used to look like!  Dusit Dusit 
Khaosan Rd W 4km: walking area, classic Thai temples & Khao San Rd Khaosan Rd Bang Lamphu (Khaosan rd) 
Rattanakosin Hotels W 4.5km: Historical area, most visited area by tourists (Grand Palace) Rattanakosin Rattanakosin 
Bang Lamphu W 4km: A walking area, classic Thai temples & Khao San Rd <> Bang Lamphu Bang Lamphu 
Thonburi SW 5.3km: Old Capital mostly undeveloped, many Canals (Khlongs Thonburi Thonburi 
Sukhumvit - Chit Lom E 1.5km: "Farangville" (Foreigners) Hotels, Bars and Nightlife with all major transport systems BTS Chit Lom Nearby BTS Skytrain station Chit Lom 
Sukhumvit Hotels E 3km: "Farangville" (Foreigners) Hotels, Bars and Nightlife with all major transport systems Sukhumvit general Sukhumvit 
Chatuchak N 10km: Largest weekend markets in Asia, Parks & Game fishing <> Chatuchak Chatuchak 
Ratchathewi N 2km: Suburbia and the Highest rooftop view 84 floors up Phayathai > Ratchathewi Phayathai-Ratchathewi 
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